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Category Theory for the Sciences
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 496

Category Theory for the Sciences

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2014-10-17
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

Category theory was invented in the 1940s to unify and synthesize different areas in mathematics, and it has proven remarkably successful in enabling powerful communication between disparate fields and subfields within mathematics. This book shows that category theory can be useful outside of mathematics as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language throughout the sciences. Information is inherently dynamic; the same ideas can be organized and reorganized in countless ways, and the ability to translate between such organizational structures is becoming increasingly important in the sciences. Category theory offers a unifying framework for information modeling that can facilitate th...

Category Theory for the Sciences
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 486

Category Theory for the Sciences

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2014-10-10
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

An introduction to category theory as a rigorous, flexible, and coherent modeling language that can be used across the sciences.

Inventing the Medium
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 504

Inventing the Medium

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2011-11-23
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

Digital artifacts from iPads to databases pervade our lives, and the design decisions that shape them affect how we think, act, communicate, and understand the world. But the pace of change has been so rapid that technical innovation is outstripping design. Interactors are often mystified and frustrated by their enticing but confusing new devices; meanwhile, product design teams struggle to articulate shared and enduring design goals. With Inventing the Medium, Janet Murray provides a unified vocabulary and a common methodology for the design of digital objects and environments. It will be an essential guide for both students and practitioners in this evolving field.Murray explains that inno...

Practicable
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 952

Practicable

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2016-10-21
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  • Publisher: Mit Press

How are we to understand works of art that are realized with the physical involvement of the viewer? A relationship between a work of art and its audience that is rooted in an experience that is both aesthetic and physical? Today, these works often use digital technologies, but artists have created participatory works since the 1950s. In this book, critics, writers, and artists offer diverse perspectives on this kind of "practicable" art that bridges contemplation and use, discussing and documenting a wide variety of works from the last several decades. The contributors consider both works that are technologically mediated and those that are not, as long as they are characterized by a proces...

Deep Learning
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 800

Deep Learning

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2016-11-10
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

"Written by three experts in the field, Deep Learning is the only comprehensive book on the subject." -- Elon Musk, cochair of OpenAI; cofounder and CEO of Tesla and SpaceX Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of...

Problems of Atomic Dynamics
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 200

Problems of Atomic Dynamics

The Nobel Laureate discusses the foundations of quantum theory in two lectures, one on the structure of the atom, the other on the lattice theory of rigid bodies.

The Csound Book
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 740

The Csound Book

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2000
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

This book/CD-ROM package covers both the basics of Csound, and the theoretical and musical concepts necessary to use the program effectively.

Knowledge Unbound
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 456

Knowledge Unbound

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2016-04-06
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

Peter Suber has been a leading advocate for open access since 2001 and has worked full time on issues of open access since 2003. As a professor of philosophy during the early days of the internet, he realized its power and potential as a medium for scholarship. As he writes now, "it was like an asteroid crash, fundamentally changing the environment, challenging dinosaurs to adapt, and challenging all of us to figure out whether we were dinosaurs." When Suber began putting his writings and course materials online for anyone to use for any purpose, he soon experienced the benefits of that wider exposure. In 2001, he started a newsletter -- the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, which later became the SPARC Open Access Newsletter -- in which he explored the implications of open access for research and scholarship. This book offers a selection of some of Suber's most significant and influential writings on open access from 2002 to 2010. In these texts, Suber makes the case for open access to research; answers common questions, objections, and misunderstandings; analyzes policy issues; and documents the growth and evolution of open access during its most critical early decade.

Nightwork
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 248

Nightwork

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2011-03-11
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

An MIT "hack" is an ingenious, benign, and anonymous prank or practical joke, often requiring engineering or scientific expertise and often pulled off under cover of darkness -- instances of campus mischief sometimes coinciding with April Fool's Day, final exams, or commencement. (It should not be confused with the sometimes non-benign phenomenon of computer hacking.) Noteworthy MIT hacks over the years include the legendary Harvard--Yale Football Game Hack (when a weather balloon emblazoned "MIT" popped out of the ground near the 50-yard line), the campus police car found perched on the Great Dome, the apparent disappearance of the Institute president's office, and a faux cathedral (complet...

Pseudoscience
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 536

Pseudoscience

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2018-01-26
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed experts get their expertise from Google, how can the average person distinguish real science from fake? This book examines pseudoscience from a variety of perspectives, through case studies, analysis, and personal accounts that show how to recognize pseudoscience, why it is so widely accepted, and how to advocate for real science. Contributors examine the basics of pseudoscience, including issues of cognitive bias; the costs of pseudoscience, with accounts of naturopathy and logical fallacies in...